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The Classical Influence on Renaissance Architecture

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A review of the influence of the Roman classical world on the works of Italian Renaissance Masters.
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Text Comments (12)
AntPDC (8 months ago)
The Pantheon as we see it today was completed around 126 AD. Fluted columns feature in the very earliest GREEK doric architecture (and thus were not first used by the Romans).
enzo selva (1 year ago)
By the 15th century they had begun to understand that these things had been built by man??? RUBBISH! PATENTLY ABSURD!  Europeans had been building MAGNIFICENT buildings which surpassed the Roman ones since the 12th century!
MandyJMaddison (1 year ago)
Saint Peter's Basilica: a few corrections. There is an implication that Pope Julius drew together Bramante, Michelangelo and Raphael. This didnt happen. The planning and construction took so long that one architect succeeded the other, with successive architects dying and the building being virually abandoned at a point where four enormous piers were towering into the air, and part of the ancient church was still standing. Michelangelo took over in 1547, in the reign of Pope Paul III, when the mighty Mick was in his seventies. Many architects had produced plan, including Raphael, and Sangallo, who doesn't get mentioned in this article. However it is important that I mention Sangallo HERE, because his design for the facade, with the two ornate towers is the one that is shown several times in the video. Bramante would NEVER have designed anything that messy, and neither would Michelangelo. Michelangelo looked at Bramante's plan, and every that came after. He went right back to Bramante, and the Greek Cross shape. But he simplified it, made the strong elements of both structure and design stronger, and eliminated the weaker elements. The building was not fully complete at his death, and his pupils saw it through. Carlo Maderno is referred to here with as adding details. This is NOT the case. He made two major contributions to the building as we see it today. When it was decided that the building needed a "nave" (the elongated section where the congregation generally sit in a church) then it was Maderno who designed it to harmonise with Bramante/Michelangelo's building. He also built the facade, which was intended to have towers (the bottom parts are in place) but the ground proved too unstable. The other artists mentioned was Bernini who designed the important fittings (like the High Altar) and a huge colonnade around the square on the exterior. Hope this is useful to students of architecture.
MandyJMaddison (1 year ago)
The statements made around 3.30 are extremely misleading. There is an implication here that after the Fall of Rome, in the 5th century AD, there were no skills for building great buildings until the re-discovery of the Classical era as a source and inspiration. This was not the case. The skills for building arches, barrel vaults and domes were not lost, though the knowledge of engineering deteriorated. With the establishment of monasteries, there was an increasing need for large interior spaces within churches. These buildings initially applied the Roman skills of arcade building, and by 1100 had developed the barrel vault into the groin vault, used extensively in Italy. Domes and hemispherical domes were extensively used. Outside Italy, in France and England, a new style was developing the 1100s- Gothic, which employed ribbed vaults and pointed arches These were new technologies that led to the construction of huge and awe-inspiring buildings. Whle the buildings of Rome are gargantuan in terms of the .space spanned by the enormous arches, the towering masonry spire of Salisbury Cathedral, and the soaring light-filled interior of Amiens Cathedral are amazing works of structural engineering. HOWEVER, Gothic never really caught on in Italy. This means that while Arnolfo di Cambio's Cathedral of Florence is a huge and splendid work of the Gothic age, it is not truly Gothic in style, despite its pointed arches. The people of the Italian peninsular had never really given up on the watered-down Roman style known as Romanesque, and buildings like Florence Cathedral maintain this tradition, while giving a passing nod to the Gothic. . Brunelleschi did not choose either the egg-shaped outline or the ribbed nature of the dome. These were part of the plan, and can be seen in a fresco of the cathedral that dates from before Brunelleschi's employment. It is clear that Arnolfio planned ribbed dome with thinner infilling, like a Gothic vault. Brunelleschi's achievement to was engineer this. The pointed shape meant that the ribs were able to extend independently. The steeper the curve, the more that this was possible.
Ron Walker (1 year ago)
coxiii18 (2 years ago)
thank you may allah bless you ♥
Christiaan Baron (3 years ago)
copernicus was wrong
Abdelhak Chaker (3 years ago)
Thank you this really helps with my history of architecture exam
hoinickjijbentenpik (3 years ago)
cool video, many thanks <3
mitro2828 (4 years ago)
Thank you for the video, I'm doing a project on Renaissance Architecture.
Hoang-Viet Tran (4 years ago)
riley o (4 years ago)
you spelled nickelodeon wrong

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